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2015年校园英语口语拾零.doc全文

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校园英语口语拾零CampusSpokenEnglish《云南农业学校校园英语口语拾零》编写组2007年12月前言进入新世纪,全球化建设步伐推进,我国经济发展和社会进步的方式建设迅速,各种对外交往和国际活动日趋频繁。近几年来英语教学不断加强改革校园英语口语在线,改革的首要内容之一是如何培养教师英语口语能力。为了提升我校教师英语综合运用技能,增强孩子的英语口语表达能力,在大学领导的全力支持下,根据我校的实际状况,我们编写了《云南农业学校校园英语口语拾零》在线英语口语一对一哪个好,该手册注重语言几乎功,选择学生关注的话题商务英语网课,立足交际能力的磨炼。本册子由云南农业学校英语协会组织编写。黄雁鸿先生指出了编写思想和方法,并协同材料的搜集、大纲讨论;第一、第二、第三、第四和第五部分由外语大学的魏建乔、刘虹、韩莹、刘丹丹和王云燕先生分别编纂;全册由资谷生和黄雁鸿先生审稿和统稿。在编写过程中,得到了上海农业学校吴伯志副主任、教务处雷兴刚处长、李树坚副处长的大力扶持;西北中学教务处和英语学院、昆明师范学校高中英语部也得到了真诚地指导与帮助校园英语口语在线,在此一并声称衷心祝愿!因为编写时间匆忙,难免有失败之处,欢迎广大学生和朋友批评指正!《云南农业学校校园英语口语拾零》编写组2007年12月ContentsSection1OntheUniversityTopic1AnOverviewofYunnanAgriculturalUniversityTopic2Colleges,DepartmentsandMajorsTopic3TheCampusTopic4TheLibraryTopic5ResearchInstitutesandTeachingFacilitiesTopic6TheUniversityExecutiveDepartmentsSection2OnStudyTopic1EducationalExperienceTopic2LearningStrategiesandDifficultiesTopic3Computed–assistedInstruction(CAI)andAutonomousLearningSection3OnCollegeLifeTopic1StudentActivitiesTopic2HobbiesTopic3Part-timeJobsTopic4Family,FriendsandTeachersTopic5DreamsandAmbitionsTopic6CanteenandDormitoryTopic7Self-introductionSection4OnEntertainmentsTopic1TheInternetTopic2SportsTopic3Music,Television,andFilmsTopic4BooksTopic5FestivalsandCulturesTopic6TravelinginKunmingandYunnanSection5OnSocietyTopic1EnvironmentTopic2JobHuntingTopic3TheBeijing2008OlympicGamesTopic4AgriculturalBiodiversityTopic5HotTopics(TrafficLaws,Five-dayWeek,PopulationProblems,Tourism,TraditionandModern,theReformofCET4and6,theAddictiontotheInternetandComputerGames)附:云南农业学校教师英语综合运用效率竞赛推荐题目Section1OntheUniversityTopic1AnOverviewofYunnanAgriculturalUniversityYunnanAgriculturalUniversity(YAU)islocatedinthenorthernpartofKunming,the“SpringCity”.Itisnexttothescenicspot—theBlackDragonPoolPark.ItwasfirstestablishedastheCollegeofAgronomyofYunnanUniversityin1938.Afteraboutsevendecades,ithasdevelopedintooneofthekeyuniversitiesinYunnanProvince.YAU,coveringanareaofmorethan1,755mu,ismadeupoftwobeautifulcampuses,theeastandthewest.Onbothcampuses,therearedifferentadvancedlabsandcenters,suchastheNationalResearchCentreforAgriculturalBiodiversity,andthreekeyprovinciallaboratories.Withanacademicteamof1,497qualifiedandexperiencedmembersforbothteachingandresearch,YAUhasmorethan12,000full-timestudents.Itbegantoofferdoctoralprogramsin2004andpostdoctoralprogramsin2007.WhileservingthepeopleinYunnanProvince,YAUisstrivingtodevelopintoahigh-leveluniversitywithstrikingcharacteristics.Topic2Colleges,DepartmentsandMajorsOuruniversityconsistsof17colleges,whicharesubdividedinto48specialtiesforfour-yearprogramsand18specialtiesforthree-yearprograms.Namely,theyareCollegeofAgricultureandBiotechnology,CollegeofPlantProtection,CollegeofResourcesandEnvironment,CollegeofHorticultureandGardening,CollegeofTobaccoScience,CollegeofAnimalScience,CollegeofEngineering,CollegeofWaterResourcesandHydroelectricEngineering,CollegeofEconomyandTrade,CollegeofFoodScience,CollegeofHumanitiesandSocialScience,CollegeofForeignLanguages,CollegeofPhysicalEducation,CollegeofScienceandInformationEngineering,CollegeofArchitecturalEngineering,VocationalandTechnicalCollege,CollegeofLongRunPu’erTea.Theuniversitynowalsooffers29master’sprogramsand4doctoralprogramsandonepostdoctoralprogram.NamesofSchools/CollegesNamesofSpecialties农学与物理科技大学CollegeofAgricultureandBiotechnology农学Agronomy生物技术Biotechnology中草药种植与鉴定CultivationandAppraisalofChineseTraditionalandHerbalDrugs种子科学与工程SeedScienceandEngineering烟草学院CollegeofTobaccoScience烟草TobaccoScience资源与环境学院CollegeofResourcesandEnvironment农业资源与环境AgriculturalResourcesandEnvironment环境科学EnvironmentalScience设施农业科学与项目AgricultureFacilityScienceandEngineering植物保护学院CollegeofPlantProtection植物保护PlantProtection动植物检疫AnimalandPlantQuarantine茶学院CollegeofLongRunPu’erTea茶学TeaScience茶学(茶艺茶道)TeaScience(SpecializinginTeaArt)园林园艺学院CollegeofHorticultureandGardening园艺Horticulture园艺(蔬菜方向)Horticulture(SpecializinginVegetables)园林Gardening动物科学学院CollegeofAnimalScience动物科学Zoology动物医学VeterinaryScience草业科学Pasture水产养殖Aquaculture工程学院CollegeofEngineering农业机械化以及自动化AgriculturalMechanizationandAutomation机械设计生产以及手动化MachineDesigning,ManufacturingandAutomation电气工程以及自动化ElectricalEngineeringandAutomation工业项目IndustrialEngineering车辆工程VehicleEngineering土木水电与建筑大学CollegeofWaterResourcesandHydroelectricEngineering水利电力工程WaterResourcesandHydropowerEngineering农业林业工程AgriculturalHydraulicEngineering农业建筑环境与电力项目AgriculturalArchitecturalEnvironmentandEnergyEngineering资源环境与城乡规划管理UrbanandRuralPlanning&ResourceManagement水土保持与荒漠化防治Soil&WaterConservationandDesertPrevention土木工程CivilEngineering经济贸易学院CollegeofEconomyandTrade经济学Economics农林经济管理ManagementofRuralEconomy农村区域建设RuralRegionDevelopment信息管理与信息平台InformationSystemandManagement电子商务E-Commerce食品科学科技高校CollegeofFoodScience食品科学与项目FoodScienceandEngineering食品(蜂学方向)FoodScience(SpecializinginBeeScience)食品质量与健康FoodQualityandSafety基础与信息项目学院CollegeofScienceandInformationEngineering计算机科学与科技ComputerScienceandTechnology电子信息项目ElectronicInformationEngineering数学与应用数学MathematicsandAppliedMathematics应用化学AppliedChemistry网络工程NetworkEngineering人文学院CollegeofHumanitiesandSocialScience森林资源保护与游憩ForestResourcesConservationandTourism社会工作SocialWork英语学校CollegeofForeignLanguages英语English体育大学CollegeofPhysicalEducation体育教育PhysicalEducation社会足球SocialPhysics职业技术大学VocationalandTechnicalCollege建筑工程学院CollegeofArchitecturalEngineeringTopic3theCampusTherearetwobeautifulcampusesinouruniversity,theeasternandthewestern.Ontheeastcampus,therearelanguagelabsandsomekeyprovinciallaboratories.Inaddition,varioustrees,greengrassandflowersalloverthecampusmakeitanidealplaceforstudyandliving.Thewestcampusisrelativelynew.TherearetheNationalResearchCentreforAgriculturalBiodiversity,theself-studycenterandthesub-library.Itisalsoaniceplaceforstudyandliving.Topic4theLibraryThelibraryofYAUconsistsoftwosub-ones,withoneontheeasterncampusandtheotheronthewesterncampus.Ithasacollectionofmorethan1.19millioncopies.Italsohasacollectionofvariouskindsofnewspapers,eitherinEnglishorChinese.Therearealsoalotofmagazinesandperiodicalsavailable.Thelibrariesonbothcampusesareusuallyfullofstudentsbecauseofthequietnessandgoodservicethere.Topic5ResearchInstitutesandTeachingFacilitiesYAUiswell-equippedforbothteachingandresearch.Thereareseventeachingbuildingswithspaciousandbrightclassrooms.Someofthemaremulti-mediaones.TherearealsothedigitallanguagelabswherestudentscanfreelytraintheirlisteningcomprehensionandoralEnglish.Theadvancedlabsofphysics,chemistry,biology,andanimalprovideanidealplaceforteachersandstudentsconductingexperiments.Thenewly-builtNationalResearchCentreforAgriculturalBiodiversitywillundoubtedlyfacilitateandupgradetheresearchworkofouruniversity.Thenewstadium,theindoorandoutdoorsportsfacilitiesprovidepleasantplacesforbothteachersandstudentstoexerciseinsparetime.Inaword,YAUisagoodplaceforstudentstodevelopbothphysicallyandmentally.中文英文工业化学多样性运用科技国家项目中心NationalResearchCentreforAgriculturalBiodiversity云南省植物病理重点实验室TheKeyPlantPathologyLaboratoryofYunnanProvince农业化学多样性与病虫害控制试验室TheLaboratoryofAgriculturalBiodiversityandPestandDiseaseControl云南省植物营养与食品科学重点试验室YunnanProvincialKeyLaboratoryofAnimalNutritionandFeedScience版纳微型猪近交系重点实验室TheKeyLaboratoryofBannaMini-pigInbredLinesTopic6theUniversityExecutiveDepartments校长办公室President’sOffice教务处DivisionofAcademicAffairs科研处DivisionofScientificResearch国际沟通与合作处DivisionofInternationalCooperationandExchanges学生处DivisionofStudents’Affairs保卫处DivisionofCampusSecurity财务处DivisionofFinance后勤集团theUniversityService招生就业处DivisionofAdmissionandCareerDevelopmentSection2OnStudyTopic1:EducationalExperience重要名词Keywordsandexpressions(1)学校教育(1)SchoolsandEducation1.综合性学校2.高等教育3.高等学校4.重点中学5.文科学院6.理工科高中7.职业学院1.comprehensiveuniversity2.highereducation3.institutionsofhigherlearning4.keyschool/institute/university5.universityofliberalarts6.universityofscienceandengineering7.vocationalschool(2)校长和学生(2)TeachersandStudents8.校友9.助教10.副校长11.教授12.讲师13.文学士14.理学士15.文学博士16.理学本科17.博士18.应届毕业生19.大学生20.研究生21.旁听生22.班长23.专职教师24.兼职讲师25.教务长26.大专学院教授27.大学一年级同学28.大学二高一学生29.大学两年级同学30.大学四初中同学8.alumnus;alumna9.assistant10.associateprofessor11.professor12.lecturer13.BachelorofArts(B.A.)14.BachelorofScience(B.S.)15.MasterofArts(M.A.)16.MasterofScience(M.S.)17.DoctorofPhilosophy(Ph.D)18.graduatingstudents;thisyear'sgraduates19.university/collegestudent20.postgraduate(student);graduatestudent21.auditor22.classmonitor23.full-timeteacher24.part-timeteacher25.deanofstudies26.president;chancellor27.freshman28.sophomore29.junior30.senior(3)学生活动(3)Students'Activities31.上课32.课间休息33.大学开学考试34.作息时间表35.毕业证书36.考试37.课外活动38.毕业实习39.毕业典礼40.假期41.期中考试42.公开课43.口试44.测验,小考45.学校纪律46.学生活动47.自习48.暑假49.自习时间50.转学51.学费52.寒假53.笔试31.attendclass;gotoclass32.break;interval33.collegeentranceexamination34.dailyschedule;timetable35.diploma;graduationcertificate36.examination,test37.extracurricularactivities38.graduationfieldwork39.graduationceremony;commencement40.holidays41.mid-termexamination42.openclass43.oraltest/examination44.quiz45.schooldiscipline46.students'activities47.studybyoneselfinfreetime48.summervacation49.timeforindividualstudy50.transfertoanotherschool51.tuitionfee;tuition52.wintervacation53.writtentest/examination(4)课程和学位(4)CoursesandDegrees54.学位55.学衔56.学士学位57.基础课58.课程59.学分制60.博士学位61.选修课62.毕业班63.名誉学位64.硕士学位65.必修课66.专业课67.主攻(修)英语54.degree/academicdegree55.academicrank/title56.bachelor'sdegree57.basiccourse58.course;curriculum59.creditsystem60.doctor'sdegree61.elective/optionalcourse;elective62.graduatingclass63.honorarydegree64.master'sdegree65.required/compulsorycourse66.specializedcourse67.specializeinmathematicsTopic2:LearningStrategiesandDifficultiesSuggestionsforEnglishStudy:1.We'dbetterdevelopourinterestinEnglishatthebeginningofourstudy.TodevelopinterestinEnglishstudyisnotveryhard.WemayhavethefeelingofsatisfactionandachievementfromourEnglishstudywhenweareabletosaysomethingsimpleinEnglish,talkwithothersorforeignersinEnglishandactasothers'interpreters.在英语学习之初,我们必须遵循培养对英语学习的兴趣培养对英语的兴趣并不难当我们可以说点儿简单的英语用英语与他们或与老外交谈或作他人的翻译时我们就可以从英语学习中获得满足感和创造感这种兴趣就培养出来了请注意,这种迎合感和创造感很重要!2.Plansarealwaysveryessential,sowemustmakesomeelaborateandworkableplansbeforestudy.Andweshouldcertainlycarryouttheseplanstotheletter.制定英语学习方案太重要了而且我们需要在学习前建立精细的和可操作的方案以及我们必须要明确执行各种方案请留意千万不要干没有计划的坏事那等于在浪费人生3.Notesshouldbemadewheneverwestudyanybook.Wemayfollowthisadvice:Don'treadbookwithoutmakingnotes.Asweknowthatnotesarethesummarization,thecorecontent,ourunderstandingandtheabbreviationsofthebooks.Ournotesaremuchthinnerthanthebookssothatwecanlearnthembyhearteasierandcanoftenreviewandreadthem.Wemayalsorecordournotesontapessoastooftenlistentothemeasier,todeepenourimpressionandtolightenourburdenofmemory.Sometimesitisneedfultodrawsometablesandillustrationsthatareveryimpressive,visualandconcise.无论学习怎么,我们都要作后记我们可以参照以下的切记不作日记就不要学习.如您所知笔记是我们对所学教材的小结中心内容我们的解释课本的缩略笔记要比书本薄的多我们可以较易于的记忆和长期复习他们更胜一畴的方法是把笔记录成音这种我们可以一直听一听来弱化印象和减少记忆损失4.WatchingEnglishmovies,EnglishTVprograms,listeningtoEnglishsongsandlearnEnglishonsomespecialoccasionsarealsoexcellentandvividEnglishlearningwaysaswemaycombineEnglishwithsomecertainscenestodeepenourmemory.看英文小说收看英语电视栏目听英文歌词和在这些特殊情境学习英语也有很棒和很生动的英语学习方法由于这种我们可以把所学英语与各种特殊的画面联系起来以弱化记忆5.NeverjustmemorizesingleEnglishwords.Learnbyheartthewholesentencesandthephrasesthatcontainthenewwordssowemayknowhowtousethewords.请不要孤立地背英语词汇请背记包含单词的语句或短语这样我们才真实能利用这种词汇,而且记忆更深6.Iftimepermits,wemayreadMiniChinese-Englishdictionarycarefullyfromcovertocover,whichmayhelpuswidenoursightandmasterknowledgeinallaspects.如果时间允许阅读小小汉英词典作为英语学习也帮助巨大他能帮助我们扩大视野并全方位地了解所学常识7.ExcellentpersonalityisoneofthedecisivefactorsinEnglishstudy.Persistence,patience,self-confidenceanddeterminationarebadlyneeded.优秀的性格也有英语学习的关键要素之一秉持宽容豁达和坚定都是很重要的显然即使兴趣培养得好可合理削弱这方面的规定Topic3:Computed–assistedInstruction(CAI)andAutonomousLearningAtpresent,collegestudents’autonomouslearningisenthusiasticallydiscussedamongnationwidecollegesanduniversities.Naturally,differentlearningmodesarerecommended,examplesofsuchmodesincludeteacher-navigatedmode,student-self-tutoredmode,teacher-studentharmoniously-cooperatedmode,andcompletelyfreeautonomousstudymode,soonandsoforth.目前,在全球的学校中,人们对学院生自主学习这一话题争论得很强烈。

自然而然地,人们也就要求了不同的自主学习方式,比如:教师导航制、学生自助方式、教师---学生和谐互助形式包括纯自由原则自主学习方式等。Section3OnCollegeLifeTopic1StudentActivitiesTherearelotsofactivitiesthatthecollegestudentscantakepartinafterclass,suchasthehandwritingsociety,sportsassociation,writingsociety,andEnglishclub,etc.Alltheseactivitiesbroadenourhorizonoftheworldsandcultivateourinterestsandincreasetheknowledgewhichcannotbelearntfromthetextbook.Thisisagoodplatformforustomakeourdreamcometrueandtocontactmorefriendswhosharethesameinterestwitheachother.Topic2HobbiesWhenitcomestothehobby,Iwouldliketosharewithyouaboutmine—listeningtomusic.Ibelievemusicisoneofthebestfriendsofhumanbeing.Withoutmusic,theworldwouldbedullandcolorlessformusichasthemiracletomakepeoplecalmdown,andtosoothethetiredsoulwhenonefeelstired;andmusicalsohasthepowertomakepeopletogearupandfacethelifewithapositiveview.ItcanbesaidthatmusicismybestcompanionwhetherIamdownorwhenIamhappy.Differentpeoplehavedifferenthobbies.Ihavemanyhobbies,suchasreading,watchingmovies,playingbasketball,playingtabletennis,(shopping,listeningtomusic,surfingthenet…)andsoon.Butmyfavoriteoneisreading.IlikereadingbecauseIcanlearnmanyinterestingthingsfrombooks.MyfavoritewriterisCharlesDickens.I’vereadalmostallofhisworks.Ithinkwatchingmoviesandreadingbooksaremyfavoritehobbies.Myhobbiesmakemylifemoreinteresting.Topic3Part-timeJobsIbelieveitbeneficialtotakeapart-timejobwhenacollegestudentcankeepbalancebetweenstudyandwork.Besidesmakingsomepocketmoney,whenonetakesapart-timejob,hewillapplywhathelearntinthetextbookinpractice.Ifthejobhetakesisamanualone,italsopracticeshisendurance,perseveranceandabilitytoovercomethedifficulties.Itprovidesagoodopportunitytoworkandcommunicatewithothers,achanceforhimtoknowhimselfbetter.Topic4Family,FriendsandTeachersTherearethreepeopleinmyfamily,myfather,mymotherandI.Mymotherisa….andmyfatherisa…..Weleadanordinarybuthappylife.Fromparents,Ilearnthemostimportantmeritsinaperson:love,responsibilityanddevotiontothefamily.Ialsohavesomefriendswhohavealotincommonwithme.Whenwearetogether,wewilltalkaboutourfavoritemoviestars,andthebookswereadandtheambitions.WhenIamsadorencounterdifficulties,therewillalsobefriendsaroundmetoshareallwithme.Therearesomanyteachersinmyfouryears’studies;allhavetheirowncharacteristics,butonethingisthesame:thereareverykindandpatientwheneverwehavedifficultiesandquestionstoask.Topic5DreamsandAmbitionsAsastudentsmajoringin…..Iamdreamingofbecominga…..equippedwiththeadvancedtechnologyinthefuture.WiththeknowledgethathasbeenlearnedIwillbuildupanewfarmwhichcanexchangeinformationwiththecitiesandplantvegetableandthefruittreesthatmeetpeople’sdemands.Topic6CanteenandDormitoryCanteenThefoodinourcanteensisdelicious!Thereareseveraldininghallsinouruniversity,sowehavemanychoicesastowheretoeat.Weareaffordedmanykindsofdishesandstaplefoods(主食).Thetables,chopsticks,spoonsanddishwareareveryclean.What’smore,thepriceisreasonable,justrightforusstudents.SoIprefertoeathereratherthandiningout.Forthesakeofstudents,eachcanteenprovidesavarietyofChinesefoodwithdifferentbutfantasticandmouthwateringflavors.Qualityingredients,perfectcookingstyles,appropriatepricesandelegantservicemakeitcertainthateverystudentwillfindsomethingtosuithis/hertastes.DormitoryThereare8/6peopleinmydormitory.Wegetalongverywellwitheachother,likesisters(brothers).Weoftenhelpeachotherwheneverweareindifficulty;weshareourhappiness,oursadnessandourpleasure.Althoughwecomefromdifferentplaces,thedormlifemakesusfeelweareinabigfamily.Keywordsandexpressionscampus校园commonroom(英)师生公用的休息室canteen餐厅dininghall食堂cafeteria自助小餐馆accommodation住宿dorm/dormitory宿舍dormmate/roommate/flatmate/housemate合租一间学校/旅馆/住宅的人parkinglot停车场parkingregulations停车规定shoppingmall购物中心teachingbuilding教学楼/学校楼lecturetheatre大礼堂/阶梯教室administratingoffice/adminoffice行政办公室laboratory/lab实验室studentunion学生会society学生社团club学生俱乐部Topic7Self-introductionHello,everyone.Mynameis…..Icomefrom…province.I’mafreshmanandmajorinEnglish.Ilikereadingandlisteningtomusicverymuch.BeforeIcamehereIhavelongheardthatKunmingisaniceplaceknownasthe“SpringCity?IfellinlovewithourcampuswhenIsetfoothere.Thesettingisveryimpreissive.Theflowersarebloomingandthetreesaresogreen.Theteachersandclassmatesarefriendly.IhopeIcangetalongwitheveryonehereandlearnasmuchasIcaninthisbeautifuluniversity.Thankyouforyourattention.Section4OnEntertainmentsTopic1:theInternetTheInternetortheWorldWideWebisindeedawonderfulandamazingadditioninourlives.TheInternetcanbeknownasakindofglobalmeetingplacewherepeoplefromallpartsoftheworldcancometogether.Itisaserviceavailableonthecomputer,throughwhicheverythingunderthesunisnowatthefingertipsofanyonewhohasaccesstotheInternet.Internethasbeenperhapsthemostoutstandinginnovationinthefieldofcommunicationinthehistoryofmankind.Aswitheverysingleinnovation,internethasitsownadvantagesanddisadvantages.Butusually,greatermagnitudeofadvantagesoutweighsitsdisadvantages.KeywordsandExpressionsAdvantagesDistanceeducation;communication,accesstoinformation,shopping,onlinechat,download;onlinelearning;Disadvantages:badtohealth,radiation;virusthreat,theftofpersonalinformationInternet;crime;falseinformation;time-consuming;getaddictedto;hackerTopic2OnsportsDoingsportsisthefarmostacceptedwaytokeepyouhealthydirectly.Theseincludethephysical/psychologicalbenefitsofsports,waystogetfitterandabriefexplanationofourmusclestructure.Sportisagreatwaytostayfitandhealthy.Thisisveryimportanttodayasfewpeoplehavejobswithphysicallaborandmostofustraveleverywherebycar.Asaresultmanypeopleareoverweightandsufferpoorhealth.Sportmaynotbetheonlywaytokeepfit,butthecompetitionandteamworkinsportgivepeoplealotofmotivationtokeepgoingandtopushthemselveshard.KeywordsandExpressionsAmateur,champion冠军,record纪录,recordholder纪录创造者keepfit,stressrelief,healthyhabits,swimming/jogging/fishing/tennis,teamwork,theOlympicGames奥运会thehostnation东道国theopening/closingceremony开幕式/闭幕式决赛acompetition/contestTopic3Music,Television,andFilmsKeywordsandExpressionsclassicalmusic古典艺术countrymusic乡村歌曲jazz爵士乐rock摇滚乐rap说唱乐pop流行歌曲broadcast,broadcasting播送,播放,广播livebroadcast直接广播,直播rebroadcast重播TVplay电视剧TVplayseries电视连续剧direction导演filmfestival电影节chiefactor男主角chiefactress女主角Topic4BooksAsiswellknown,booksteachustolearnlife,truth,scienceandmanyotherusefulthings.Theyincreaseourknowledge,broadenourmindsandstrengthenourcharacter.Inotherwords,theyareourgoodteachersandwisefriends.Thisisthereasonwhyourparentsalwaysencourageustoreadmorebooks.KeywordsandExpressionsbroadenminds,strengthencharacter;goodteachers,wisefriends,e-book电子读物;bestsellers畅销书fairytale童话biography传记Knowledgeispower.知识就是力量。

山东11选5TopicFestivalsandCulturesTherearemanyfestivalsinChina,suchasSpringFestival,NationalDay,theMid-AutumnFestival,theLanternFestivaletc.TheSpringFestivalisthebiggestfestivalinChina.TherearemanyfestivalsinWesterncountriestoo.suchasValentine'sDay,Halloween,AprilFools'Day,ChristmasDay,ThanksgivingDayandsoon.WhilelearningEnglish,itisimportanttoknowaboutsomefestivalandculturesoftheEnglish–speakingcountries.KeywordsandExpressionsCelebrate,familyreunion,eatdeliciousfood,visitrelatives,friendsfireworks,firecrackers,culturaldifferences,cultureshockTopic6TravelinginKunmingandYunnanKunming,asthecapitalcityofYunnan,servesasthecenteroftheprovinceintermsof?politics,economicsandculture.Althoughahugecity(population3.75million),Kunmingisexceptionallycleanandtidy.What'smore,thecityhasthebestclimateof?allChinesecities,?popularly?knownasthe"SpringCity".Kunmingdoesnothaveseverewintersorhotsummersandthenaturalfeaturesofthefourseasonsareclearlydefined.AlthoughthecityisnotthefinaldestinationformanytravelerstoYunnan,Kunminghasalottooffervisitors.The?rich?culturalandhistoricalheritagehereoffersawealthoftreasures.TheGoldenTempleParkandtheBambooTempleareessentialstopsonthetouristroute.Thecityalsoboastsnumerousnaturalattractions,theStoneForestbeingthemostpopular,winningworldfameforofitsbreathtakingbeauty.KeywordsandExpressionsTravelinginYunnanBeautifulCloudsintheSouth;hometo25ethnicminorities,theVillageofEthnicCulture;highlandscenery;tropicalrainforests;plantspecies;Yunnangoldenmonkey;XishuangbannarainforestStoneForest(Shilin),TorchfestivalofYipeople(Chuxiong);TheWaterSplashingFestivalShangri-la;JadeDragonSnowMountain;TheLifeofNaxiWomen,NaxiAncientMusic,LijiangOldTownTravelinginKunmingthecityofEternalSpring;diverseculture,breathtakingnaturalscenery;pleasantclimateallyearround;Xishan(WestHill),JiuxiangandYunnanNationalitiesVillage,DaguanPark,BlackDragonPool;DianchiLake;deliciouslocaldishes;AcrossBridgeRiceNoodle;XuanweiHamSection5OnSocietyTopic1EnvironmentTodaythequalityofournaturalenvironmenthasbecomeanimportantissue.Theworldpopulationisrisingsoquicklythattheworldhasbecometoocrowded.Weareusingupournaturalresourcesandatthesametimepollutingourenvironmentwithdangerouschemicals.Ifwecontinuetodothis,lifeonearthcannotsurvive.Concernedpeoplehavemadesomeprogressinenvironmentalprotection.Governmentsofmanycountrieshaveestablishedlawstoprotecttheair,forestsandsearesourcesandtostopenvironmentalpollution.Stillmoremeasuresshouldbetakentosolveenvironmentalproblems.Peopleshouldbefurthereducatedtorecognizetheimportanceoftheproblems,tousemodernmethodsofbirthcontrol,toconserve(保存)ournaturalresourcesandrecycle(再循环)ourproducts.Wearesurethatwecanhaveabetterandcleanerplaceinthefuture.(1)ManandEnvironment(人与环境Theworldweliveinisbecomingmoreandmoreintolerablebecauseofenvironmentaldestruction.Forexample,forestdestructionresultsindecreaseofplantinglandandunpleasantweather.Inaddition,manisfacedwithproblemsofwaterpollutionandairpollution.Alotofmeasureshavebeentaken.Plantingtreeshelpsimproveandbeautifytheenvironment.Besides,lawsconcerningenvironmentalprotectionhavebeenputintoeffectandachievedgoodresults.However,theproblemofenvironmentalprotectionremainsfarfrombeingsolved.Ontheonehand,theenvironmentpollutionanddestructionaregettingworseandworseinthemodernworld.Ontheotherhand,thelackofknowledgeabouttheimportanceofprotectingenvironmenthindersthesolvingoftheproblem.Inaword,thereisalongwaytogobeforeweenjoyacleanandcomfortableworld.(2)ShouldChinaEncouragePrivateAutomobiles?(私家车与环境Inthepasttwentyyears,Chinahasgainedgreateconomicsuccess.Peoplebecomericherandlotsofthemhaveenoughmoneytobuyautomobiles.Itcanmaketheirlivesmoreconvenient.ButshouldChinaencourageprivateautomobiles?Differentpeoplehavedifferentideas.IthinkChinashouldnotencourageit.Chinahasgreatpopulationbutpoorinoil.Encouragingautomobilescancauseseriousoilshortage.Besides,lotsofprivateautomobilesmaycauseheavytrafficandairpollution.Peopleshouldfindthewaystosolvetheseproblems.AsfarasIamconcerned,sometimeswedon’tneedprivateautomobiles,andpublictransportationsareOK.Theyarecheaperandalsoconvenient.(3)Whatcanweuniversitystudentsdowiththeenvironmentalproblem?(大学生与环境保护Nowadays,theenvironmentalproblemisamatterofconcerntomanycountries.Measureshavebeentakentoprotecttheenvironment.Ascollegestudents,weshouldalsodoourbesttoprotecttheenvironment.Whatcanwedowiththeenvironmentalproblem?Iwouldliketodiscussitfromtwoaspects.Ononehand,weshouldimproveourownawarenessofenvironmentalprotection.Weshoulddowhateverwecanindailylife.Forexample,weshouldnotlitterorspiteverywhere.Itisgoodforustoformthehabitofthrowinglitterintodustbin.Whenwegoshopping,eatoutortravelaround,weshouldtrytouseenvironment-friendlyproducts(环保产品).Inthiswaywecanreduce“whitepollution”.Ontheotherhand,weshouldtrytopromoteotherpeople’sawarenessofenvironmentalissues.Environmentalprotectionisagrandproject.Weuniversitystudentscan’taccomplishitbyourselves.Besidesourowneffort,weshouldtryeverymeanstoencouragemoreandmorepeopletoparticipateinprotectingtheenvironment.Onlybyworkingtogethercanwehumanbeingsbeabletosolvetheenvironmentalproblem.Allinall,weuniversitystudentsshouldtakeanactivepartinprotectingtheenvironmentanddoourbesttocontributetoourhumanbeing’swelfare.(4)Pollution(污染——全人类的公害Theworldpopulationisgrowingveryfast.Morefood,clothing,housesareneeded.Agricultureandindustry,therefore,havetodevelopveryquickly。

Unfortunately;modemfarmingandindustryaremakingtheair,thesoil,andthewaterdirty,whichwecalledpollution.Pollutionisaseriousdangertohumanlives.Forexample;throughouttheworldairpollutionisseriousinallcities.Itissaidthateveryyearfactoriespourmillionsoftonsofsmokeintotheair,and,airpollutionhastakenthelivesofmanypeople.Scientistsarenowfightingabattleagainstpollution.Sofar,ithasbeensuccessful.Ofcourse,thebattlecannotbewonunlesseveryoneofusunderstandsthedangerofpollutionanddoessomethingtostopit.(5)Anti-pollutionNeedsYourEffortsPeopletodayarebeginningtohearmore&moreabouttheproblemofpollution.Pollutioniscausedeitherbythereleaseofartificialsubstancesintotheenvironment(人造物质的排放),orbyincreasedamountsofnaturalsubstances,suchasoil,fromoiltankersintothesea.Manypeople,therefore,seepollutionasonlypartofalarger&morecomplexproblem.Whateveritsunderlyingreasons,itisnodoubtthatmuchofthepollutioncouldbecontrolledifcompanies,individuals&governmentswouldmakemoreefforts.Forinstance,thereisanobviousneedtocontrollitter&waste,whicheveryonecanhelptodobycuttingoutexcessconsumption&carelessdisposaloftheproductsweuseinourdailylives.Inaword,anti-pollutionneedsyourefforts!Topic2JobHuntingJobhuntinghasalwaysbeenaheadacheforcollegestudents.Thoughmanygraduatesareemployedrightaftergraduation,somearenot.Mostseriousofal

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