山东11选5

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BEC初级商务英语口语教学--新东方在线必备学习

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美式论文、报告写作方法编者按:美式教育的特征即是教学内容指出教师参加及整合应用,因此,报告便成了常见的考核学生学习成效的方法在线学初级英语口语,比如实验报告、学期报告、专题报告、研究报告及论文(含毕业论文)等。研究生presentation及seminar的机会更是占多大的比例,有些仍然占学期成绩很好比例。如何完成报告、论文同时获得较好的成绩,是本文提供给有志留学的有心人参考的目的。美国大学生由於自小已养成自动寻找答案习惯,在启发式的教育环境下,写报告、论文对她们来说非常不陌生,虽然专业知识上中国孩子不见得比外籍孩子强,但是表达能力由於自小培养,加上英语素质的特点,常比外籍学生在报告、论文方面有较隹的利基。反之美国同学更加缺少报告写作的练习,因此即使在留学过程中能够适应美式教育会非常辛苦,其实论文、报告的审题要领其实不难,只要掌握要领就可水到渠成。通常论文由篇首(Preliminaries),本文(Texts)或者参考资料(References)三个别组成;而这三大部分各自内容如下:(一)篇首:封面(Title)附录(Preface)谢词(Acknowledge)提要(Summary)目录(TablesandAppendixes)(二)本文:引言(Introduction)主体,含篇(Part)、章(Chapter)、节(Section)、以及注释(Footnotes)(三)参考资料:参考书目(ReferencesorBibliography)附录资料(Appendix)。

进行论文或报告写作之前,先要确认需要表达的主题,主题明确后,将其确切表达十大英语培训机构,即为题目。题目可以提供研究者:一.研究的方向二.研究的范畴三.资料收集的范畴四.预期研究成效一般在确认题目之後就开始找资料从事研究,建议在找资料之前最好去问老师有什么参考资料来源可供参考引用。构思为明确写作大纲或Proposal的起初步骤,大纲是论文、报告的骨干英语口语班哪家好山东11选5,Proposal是研究的构架、流程及范畴的表明书。如何创作提纲或Proposal为论文、报告写作前的必要准备工作。好的论文或研究报告,要采用在清晰、详实的资料上,而参考资料不仅和学者商借之后,最首要的来源就是图书馆了,一般参考资料来源可分成教科书或指南、政府机构的报告、科技或商业方面的杂志,及大会性质的资料。此外当代的电脑资料库也可帮助搜集资料,在国内可通过大学的手机连线资料库寻找自己想要的资料。当一切打算就绪,即可开始着手写报告,一般报告还分大报告如期末、专题等报告,及小报告如Seminar式的报告。就算是小报告,也大约应含(一)TITLEPAGES:包含主题名称、作者、日期(二)Summary:即大致的说法(三)Introduction:包括理论背景及内容(四)TechnicalSections:是论文的主体,为最重要的部分应再细分为几个片断。

山东11选5(五)Conclusions:即扼要的描述(六)Appendixes:复杂公式的导引及叁考资料和电脑程式的报表可附加在此项美式报告的撰写通常要打字,两行式,行间若有未拼完的字要以词句来连接。写报告一般必须用到电脑,如有判断数字统计图表的供给,也常会用到程式软体如PASCAL、LOTUS在线学初级英语口语,统计预测软体如SAS,也是不可或缺的,电脑绘图在今天已作为工商界及学术界的重要工具,文书处理更是最基本的提出,因此WordforWindow、Powerpoint、Excel便成了颇受欢迎的软件。此外在英文单词、文法上的拼合与设置,如能请老美帮忙会特别好。论文、报告完成后有时会必须做解说(Presentation),用英文来讲演对美国人来说算是一大挑战,通常课堂演讲时间为十五分钟到三十分钟,若是论文囗试则大约一小时。投影机及麦克风的选用对讲演的疗效有巨大帮助,正式演讲前多预习几次,时间宜控制适中,上台时讲究低头拿着报告照念,需注意听众的反应,切中主题,避免太多数字的导引。BEC初级口语电子教材BECPreliminary介绍ⅠBPIntroductionBEC初级介绍(ⅰ)WhytakeBECexams?*stronggrowth*rigorousqualitycontrol*widesuitability*widebusinesscontext*valueforstudyandbusinesscareer*internationalrecognitionforworkandstudy(ⅱ)BPContentBP包含的内容BP考试主要是考考生的语言意识,包括听、说、读、写四个方面。

山东11选5试卷所设计的语言文字几乎上都与商务有关。另外,还考考生的英语单词、结构等内容。BP考试分笔试和会考两大个别。笔试以及阅读、写作和口语。听说读写听力:电话、面谈、问路、讨论等阅读:来往函电、表格、会议记录(memorandum)、广告(advertisement)、通知(announcement)、日程安排(businessschedule)、电话留言、简历(resume/CV)、商业文章、信息转化、产品目录(productcatalog)写作:写短文、商务函件(查询信、复查询信、抱怨信、图表叙述)口语:日常会话(dailyconversation)、简单表述(mainlypresentation)、讨论问题(ⅲ)Papers试卷.PreliminaryVantageAdvancedReading1hr30mins﹡1hr1hrWriting45mins1hr10minsListening40mins40mins40minsSpeaking(2candidates)12mins﹡﹡14mins﹡﹡16mins﹡﹡(ⅳ)Grades评分等级*oneoverallgrade*eachskillcountsfor25%*candidatesalsoreceiveprofileofperformance*Preliminary:twopassgrades,namely,passwithmeritandpass*VantageandAdvance:threepassgrades(ⅴ)IntroductiontoBPPreparationResource*vocabulary*textbook《PassCambridgeBECPreliminary》《FurtherAhead》(acommunicationskillscourseforBusinessEnglish)*mockexampapers:9setsⅡ学习方法LearningMethodsWhatisInternationalBusinessEnglish?怎么是国际商务英语?国际商务英语,指的是他们从事国际商务活动中所选用的具备市场特性的英语,这些领域涵盖:国际商贸、国际信贷、国际财务、国际物流、国际商法、保险、银行、经济、营销、物流、企业监管、商业服务等。

山东11选5HowtolearnInternationalBusinessEnglish?如何学习国际商务英语?1.掌握必须的商务英语单词、短语和语法。(1)句型方面commerciale.g.TheTVshowwasinterruptedbytoomanycommercials.prospecte.g.Hecalledonsomeprospectsbutfailedtomakeasale.makee.g.TheseproductsareofChinesemake.Thefactorymanufacturedfivemakesoftractors.(2)句型方面softsellinghardsellingSomesalespeopleadoptadirect‘hardsell’approach,whileothersuseamoreindirect‘softsell’approach.haveabadyearThecorporationishavingabadyearanditwillprobablybenecessarytodismissafewofficestaff.breakinto/penetratethemarketThereischancethatwe’llmanagetobreakintotheUKmarket.(3)动词方面Iamwritingtoyouconcerning…Ican’tagreemore.Youcanalwaysreachmeatthenumber…Wewouldverymuchappreciateitifyoucould…Inotedwithinterestyouradvertisementfor…That’sexactlywhatIthink.Youarewantedonthephone.Asrequested,weencloseforyourattention…2.熟悉全球贸易组织。

3.熟悉国际商务英语有关领域的几乎术语以及内涵意义。4.学习国际商务知识,略知相关专业知识。(一个中心,四个几乎点)一个中心:国际贸易知识。四个几乎点:国际经济、国际信贷、营销模式、国际商法。国际经济:4C规律(Competition,Contradiction,Coordination,Cooperation)等。国际信贷:外汇、国际收支、货币的通常知识。营销模式:市场调研、营销组合、目标市场、战略营销等。国际商法:合同、WTO协议文本(基本技巧)、知识产权等。5.密切掌握国际商务最新动态。第一讲ⅠIntroducingyourself&IntroducingsomeelseE.g.1Goodmorning,ladiesandgentlemen.I’msohappytobeheretoday.I’dliketointroducemyself.MynameisJennifer.IcomefromKaohsiung.I’vebeenlivinginTaipeiforthreeyears.Iamastudent.Ilikeoutdoorlife.I’minterestedinsports,especiallymountain-climbing.Ilikemakingfriendswithpeoplefromallovertheworld.Ihopewe’llbecomegoodfriends.Thankyou,everybody!E.g.2Goodmorning,ladiesandgentlemen.ThisisMichaelWang.You’veallheardabouthim.He’sagoodfriendofmine.You’llhaveachancetochatwithhim.Let’smakehimfeelathome.Hereheis.MichaelWang.BigwheelLet’sgivehimabighand.ⅡPresentationIntroducingyourselfGreetingIntroductionResponseHelloGoodmorning/afternoonHowdoyoudo?Letmeintroducemyself.Myname’s___________________Myname’s________________I’m______________________Pleasedtomeetyou.I’m______________Nicetomeetyou.Mine’s____________Nicetomeetyou.I’m___________IntroducingsomeoneelseRequestforintroductionIntroductionResponseCouldyouintroducemeto______________________?Ihaven’tmet_____________Idon’tknowanyonehere.You’llhavetointroduceme.Ofcourse.Letmeintroduceyouto__________________I’msorry.Thisis__________Ofcourse.I’llintroduceyouto_______________________,thisis____________________Letmeintroduceyoutwo.___________,thisis________Nicetomeetyou.Verynicetomeetyou.Nicetomeetyou.Nicetomeetyou.ⅢBusinessDialogueDialogue1IntroducinganAcquaintanceMr.Lee:We’llgetMissLewis’opiniononthis,Ithink.Mr.Jones:MissLewis…I’veheardthatname.Ohyes!Iheardsheisoneofthesecretsofthiscompany’ssuccess.Everyonewasravingaboutwhatagreatjobshe’sdoneinmotivatingthe…(interruptedbyMr.Lee)Mr.Lee:Uh,Mike…speakofthedevil…thefamousMissLewisisstandingrightbehindyou.Mary,letmeintroduceournewAccountingManager’MikeJones.Mike,thisisMaryLewis.Mr.Jones:Soyou’rethefamousMissLewis!Sonicetomeetyouatlast!I’veheardsomuchaboutyou.MissLewis:Allgood,Ihope.It’snicetomeetyou,too.Mr.Jones:Yes,Iassureyou,itwasallgood.WhatdoyoudoinHumanResources?MissLewis:I’mtheGeneralManagerofHumanResources.ItookoverfromJimwhenhesteppeddownafewyearsago.AndhowlonghaveyoubeenintheAccountingDepartment?Mr.Jones:Juststarted,I’mafraid.ButIhopetoseemoreofyouinthefuture.Itwassonicetofinallymeetyou.MissLewis:Dialogue2TheLunchMeetingSamehere.I’mlookingforwardtoworkingwithyou.Mr.Lee:YoumustbeMissKing.I’mLeoLee.Wow,youlookjustasyoudescribedonthephone.MissKing:Yes,IamMissKing.ButpleasecallmeBetty.It’sgreattomeetyou,Mr.Lee.Thanksforsuggestingalunchmeeting.I’vegotahecticschedule,sothisisagreatwaytokilltwobirdswithonestone.Mr.Lee:Me,too,andit’smypleasure.Youmustbewonderingwhomyfriendhereis.I’vetakenthelibertyofinvitingmyassistant,Mr.Young.He’llbetakingafewnotes.MissKing:Great!Nicetomeetyou.It’salwaysgoodtohavesomeonetokeeptrackofthingswhenyou’rebrainstorming.Mr.Young:Nicetomeetyou,too.Mr.Lee:ⅣIntroductiontoBPSpeakingWell,let’sgothroughthebuffetlineandthenwecangetdowntobusiness.formatconversationpresentationdiscussioncriteriapronunciationvocabulary&grammardiscoursemanagementinteractivecommunicationexaminerinterlocutorassessorCambridgeexaminer第二讲ⅠGreetings1.What’sup?What’shappening?What’sgoingon?How’sitgoing?How’severything?How’severythinggoingwithyou?2.Howareyoudoing?Howareyougettingalong?Howarethingswithyou?Howareyou?Howhaveyoubeen?How’slifebeentreatingyou?与考官见面用语1.Gladtomeetyouhere.2.Hownicetoseeyou.3.Fancyseeingyou.4.Howareyou?5.I’mgladtohavehadtheopportunitytomeetyouhere.6.Howdoyoudo?7.I’mgladtomeetyou.8.I’mpleasedtomeetyou.9.I’mpleasedtomakeyouracquaintance.10.It’sapleasuretomeetyou.考试结束语表达1.That’sverykindofyou.Thankyou.2.Thankyouverymuchforgivingmeinformation.3.Well,thanksfortalkingtoyouandIwishyouallthebestinyourfuture.4.Thankyou,Sir/Madam.5.Nicetotalkingtoyou.6.Beforeyougo,isthereanythingelseyou’dliketotellme?7.Iappreciateyourtalkingwithme.Goodbye.8.Ienjoyedtalkingtoyou.9.Ithasbeenveryhelpfultalkingtoyou.10.Hopetoseeyouagain.ⅡConversationPossibleQuestionsSuggestedAnswersandNote1)What’syourregistrationnumber?Myregistrationnumberis…2)What’syourname?Howdoyouspellyourname?Howdoyouspellyourfamilyname/surname/lastname?Myfirstnameis.andmylastnameis..Mygivennameis…,butmyfriendsalwayscallme…,myEnglishnameis..Youcancallme…,ifyoulike/wish.可说自己的nickname,使人有亲切感3)Whereareyoufrom?Wouldyousayit’sagoodplacetolivein?(Why?)Doyoulikelivingin…?Wherewouldyoulikeratherlive…or…?(Why?)Doyouthinkitwouldbebettertolivein…or…?(Why?)WeatherTransportationEnvironmentHousingHousesarepriceyinthisarea.Nightlife(exciting,dynamic)LocalpeopleLocalgovernmentJobopportunitiesResorts(skiing)Atmosphere描述hometown的之后要有sellingpoints4)Doyoucomefromalargefamilyorasmallfamily?Canyoutellmeabitabout…inyourfamily?ExtendedfamilyNuclearfamily在谈及自己家庭的之后才会说一些额外信息(additionalinformation)onlychildsingle5)Doyouworkorareyouastudentin…?Whatdoyoudo?Whatdoyoustudy?What’syourmajor?Whatdoyoulikemostaboutyourjob?(Why?)Whatdoyoulikemostaboutyourstudies?(Why?)Major可用做名词Imajoredin…,andminoredin…EversinceIwasachild,Iwasinterestedin…Interesting&challengingTravelingopportunityTraining(careerdevelopment)FinancialbenefitsGoodprospect,brightfuture第三讲ⅠConversation注意:1.考试中不要说“Pardon?”2.Neversay“sorry”inexamination!3.没听清可用下面说法Idon’tquiteunderstandyou.Wouldyouexplainitalittlebitforme?Iamnotsosurewhatyouaregettingat.Wouldyouexpressitinanotherway?FreeTimeDoyouhavemuchfreetime?Howdoyouspendyourfreetime?Whatdoyoudoinyourfreetime?What’syourhobby?Whydoyoulike…?Isthereanyparticularreasonwhyyouenjoy…?Whendidyoufirsttakeup/start…(Whydidyoustartthen?)ParticularreasonCultivateahobbyIt’snevertoolatetotakeahobby.---ChurchillOutdooractivities:Sports:tennis/golf/baseball/attendthegym/fitnesscenterWorkout=exerciseRechargethebattery:AttendatrainingcourseReadvariousbooks,forexample…ChatonlineWatchTV(passiveviewer)TV=one-eyedmonsterads(advertisementadvert)CommercialTeleplayEducationalprogramsAmusementprogramsMusic:classical/light/pop/jazz/bluesfolkFineartsAbstractpainting/oilpaintingIamfondoftraveling.Travelingisagoodwayoflearningandagoodwayofcommunicatingwithotherpeople.No,Idon’thavemuchfreetime,becausesomanywonderfulcoursesarefixed.Ipreferdoingexercises,(mostoftime)I’dliketoattendthegymorgotothefitnesscenters.Iftimeisenough,I’llreadvariouskindsofbooks.PossibleTopics&QuestionsSuggestedAnswersandNoteTransportHowdidyoucomeheretoday?Howdidyoutraveltothetest?Didyoucomeherebybus?Ifyoucouldtravelbyanyformoftransportyouwant,whatwouldyouchoose?(Why?)Whichformoftransportwouldyouliketotravelby?Howdoyouthinkyouwilltraveltoworkin15years’time?Howdoyouthinkyouwilltraveltowork15yearsfromnow?Bus/taxi/cab/privatecar/subway/tubeunderground/tram注意从下面三点出发:time/safety/moneylightway/subway/airportItwouldbefastdevelopingin15yearstimeandwillcovereverywhereinBeijing.Itwillbereallyconvenient.HotelsWhatkindofaccommodationdoyouusuallystayinwhenyougoonholiday?Doyoustayinahoteloranapartmentyouareonholiday?Whatkindsoffacilitiesdoyouthinkhotelsoughttoprovideforbusinesspeople?(Why?)Doyouthinkcompaniesshouldpayfortheirstafftostayinexpensivehotelsonbusinesstrips?(Why?/Whynot?)hotel/motel/villa/apartment/flat(BrE)/dormcitybreaks,beachholidayssun-tanned/fast-tannedcentercamping可以住camportentHitchhiking,hitchhiker(takeagapyear)DomestictravelSightseeingHi-tech,LocalAreaNet,internet,databasesystem,faxWellequippedconferenceroom,sound-proofmulti-functionhallvideo-conferencing,tele-conferencingItdepends(onthedifferentcircumstances).Ifyoufixadealwhichisworth$1000000,Shouldpeoplestayinexpensivehotelsonbusinesstrips?(Why?/Whynot?)inthatcase,yourcompanywillpayforyoutolive…Ifyougothereforonly2$,it’simpossible…PossibleTopics&QuestionsSuggestedAnswersandNoteFuturePlanWhatwouldyouliketodoafteryoufinishyourstudies?(Why?)Whatareyoudoingnowforthepreparationofyourfutureplan?Whatifyoufailedtofindajobasa…?Whatwouldyoudoifyoucouldn’tfindajobasa…?goabroad,lookforajob,huntforajob,studyfurther,postgraduateknowledgepreparation:attendtrainingcoursepsychologicalpreparation:bematureimproveinterpersonalskillsItisnotquitepossible.面试时问这些原因可以说:Ifyoudon’twantme,thereareseveralothercompanieswaitingforme,actuallyI’vegotseveraloffers.如果被问到:这个工作你能做么?AmE:Yes,definitely.Itisapieceofcake.BrE:I’msureIcandoit.TeamworkWhatkindofpeopledoyoumostlikeworking/studyingwith?(Why?)Whatdoyouthinkmakesagoodteam?Whatisagoodteam?Doyouthinkyouworkinagoodteam?(Why?/Whynot?)HonestandhavegoodinterpersonalskillsCooperationandfriendlyatmosphereMutualtrust考场策略:1.放松心情,留下良好第一印象;2.听清思路,避免答非所问;3.回答以完整,简洁,明了为佳。

山东11选5ⅡFunctionalSentences没听到时1.Couldyoupleaserephrasethequestion/topic?2.I’mnotexactlysurewhatyoumean.对内容不认识或完全没话说过时1.I’mnotexactlysurehowtoanswerthequestion,but(perhaps)…2.That’saratherdifficultquestion,but(maybe)…3.I’msorry,butIdon’tknowmuchabout.联想到相关答案时1.However,itmightbepossiblethat…2.MaybeIcanansweryourquestionbytellingyouaboutapersonalexperience,Ihad…3.That’saninterestingquestion…Letmesee.Well,Isupposethat…第四讲ⅠConversation(WarmingupEx.)1.Exercisedaily.Workouteveryday.Keepyourselfinshape.Let’sexercise.Let’sburnafewcalories.Let’sgiveourbodiesaworkout.2.Imageiseverything.Stayfitandlookhealthy.Peoplejudgeyoubyyourappearance.Yourhealthisprecious.Youcan’tbuygoodhealth.Healthismoreimportantthanwealth.3.Thinisin..Fat’snotwhereit’sat.Youneedtoslimdown.4.Let’swalkdowneverystreet.Let’scovereveryinchofthiscity.Let’slearnaboutthiscityinsideout.5.Let’sgetrowdy.Let’swhoopitup.Let’spaintthetownred.Let’sgocrazy.Let’sraisehell.Let’swakethedead.6.Iwanttotravel.Iwanttoseetheworld.I’mgoingtobeaglobe-trotter.Let’sseetheunseen.Let’sdowhat’sneverbeendonebefore.Let’straveltheworldfarandwide.ⅡPresentation1.Whatisimportantwhenchoosingabusinessclubtojoinin?LeisureFacilitiesTheleisurefacilitiesmaybetheanswer,Ithink.Itcanmakeusveryhappyandcomfortableafterallday’sworkandsometimeswecanenjoyourlivesintheclub.TypeofEventsIftherearemanytypesofeventsintheclub,wewillselectit.Differenttypesofeventscanprovideuswithmanyexperiencesthatwehavenotgonethroughindailybasis.CostThecostmaybeaveryimportantfactor.Ifthecostistoohigh,manyguestswouldbescaredaway,andthecostshouldbereasonableaccordingtotheservicesonoffer.ClubMembersIthinkclubmemberswillbetheonlyanswer.Ifsomeonecanmeetthecelebritiesofdifferentcirclesintheclub,hewillbehappytojoinintheclubandhemayhaveachancetomakefriendswiththem.OrganizerAgoodorganizerwillbethewinningpoint.Ifeverythingisarrangedinorder,theguestscaneasilyfindthepersonhe’slookingforanddowhatevertheyplease,theguestswillbeverysatisfied.ConnectionswithGovernmentOfficialsIfit’suptome,thefactorofConnectionswithGovernmentOfficialsisalsoveryimportant.StrongConnectionswithGovernmentOfficialscanbeusefultobuildgoodrelationshipswiththeestablishment,whichwillbeverybeneficialtothebusiness2.Whatisimportantwhenchoosingabusiness-trainingcourse?CostI’dliketoseeifourcompanycouldaffordtheexpenses.Shouldthebusinesstrainingcoursecoststoomuch,thecompanywillhavetoreconsiderthevalueandeffectofthetrainingcourse.SizeofgroupIfIwerethedecisionmaker,Iwouldselectasmallgroup.Sizeofgroupwilldecidethequalityoftrainingtosomeextent.Asmallgroupwillgivethetraineesmoreopportunitiestodevelopthemselves.SubjectscoveredIfthetrainingcoursecoversawiderangeofsubjects,itwillbemoreusefulforthetraineesindifferentaspects.Themoresubjectsarecovered,themoreexperiencetheywillacquire.TrainersIftherearemanyexcellenttrainershandlingthiscourse,itsurelywillbeinterestingandattractive.Everybodywantstolearnfromexcellentteachers.DurationAproperdurationforatrainingcourseisveryimportant.Aslongasthetraineeisnotdisturbedduringthecourse,andthetimetableisreasonablyarranged,thecoursecanberegardedasasuccessfulone.RelevancetomyjobIwillselectatrainingcourse,whichisrelatedtomypresentjob.Myworkdemandsfreshmindsandnewskills.Itcouldn’tbebetterifIgotsomedetailedguidancetomyjobfromthiscourse.3.Whatisimportantwhenchoosingacenterforaconference?FacilitiesAfacilityavailableisregardedasthehardwarecomponentofaconferencecenter.Itwouldbesuperifthefacilitywerealwaysingoodshape,soourworkwon’tbeheldup.AccommodationsAsacomprehensivebuilding,aconferencecentershouldprovideofficefacilitiesaswellasdailynecessities.Satisfactoryfoodandbedroomswouldmaketheirstayapleasurablerecollection.LocationsToselecttherightlocationisalwaysimportantindoingbusiness.Foraconferencecenter,company-intensivedowntownareaisnotabadchoice.Butthere’salsoatrendtomovetowardsthesuburbs.SurroundingsEscapingthehustlesandbustlesofthecityisapursuitinvogue.Conferencecentersarecateringtothisdesiretoo.That’swhysomanyofthemarelocatedintranquilparks.NightlifeToleadacolorfulnightlifewasoriginallyawesternlifestyle.Thankstoouropen-uppolicy,weChinesearelearninghowtorelaxafterhardworkinthedaytime.Soitwouldbeconsideratefortheconferencecenterstoorganizesomerecreationalevents.TrafficI’veseenthenarrowstreetssurroundingaconferencecenterjammedalldaylong,whichisanegativeexample.Iwouldchooseaplacetoholdthemeetingswhenpeoplecancomeandgowithease.ⅢPresentationDiscourseManagement1.OpeningSentenceWell,I’dliketomakeashort/brief/mini/one-minutepresentationonthetopic…2.Body(通常讲2-3个步骤,根据节奏和知识点调整)First,…Second….Third,…3.ClosingSentenceAnyway,that’swhyIthinkso.Thankyouverymuch.Thankyoufortakingyourtime.Thankyouforlistening.第五讲ⅠConversation(WarmingupEx.)1.I’mbeat.I’mbushed.Ican’tkeepmyeyesopen.I’vehadit.I’mexhausted.Let’scallitquitsfortoday.2.I’monlyhuman.I’mnotamachine.ThereisonlysomuchIcandoinaday.3.Ineedapick-me-up.Ineedsomethingtoperkmeup.Let’sgetsomecoffee.4.I’mslowingdown.I’mlosingsteam.I’mtiringout.Ineedsomestimulation.Ineedsomemoreenergy.Howaboutsomecoffee?5.Youlooktired.Youlooksluggish.Didyouhaveasleeplessnight?Youlookundertheweather.Youdon’tlookyourself.Youlookoutofsorts.6.Youlookworried.Isanythingwrong?What’sonyourmind?What’stroublingyou?What’sbotheringyou?What’seatingyou?Youlooktired.Youlookhaggard.Youlookspent.Youlookpale.Youlookawful.Youlookwasted.Youlooksleepy.Youlookdrowsy.Youlooksluggish.Youlookwipedout.Youlookburnedout.Youlookworn-out.ⅡPresentation4.Whatisimportantwhenattendinganinterview?PunctualityIt’sameritthatwekeepourappointmentontime.Forexample,iftheinterviewisduetostartatteno’clock,acandidateshouldarrivefiveminutesearlier.Inpreparation,he’dbetterpayavisittotheinterviewsiteonthedaybeforeifpossible.Bydoingthis,hecouldmakesureoftheshortestrouteandtheapproximatetimetogetthere.MannerRememberthattheinterviewerisobservingyouevenbeforeyouentertheroom.Sodon’tyouforgettoknockatthedoorfirst,nomatterit’sashutoropen.Moreover,it’swidelyacceptedthateyecontactisindispensable.Lookstraightintotheeyesoftheinterviewerwithpolitenessaswellasself-confidence,andgreethimwithasmileatthesametime.AppearanceSomeonewhoisparticularabouthisappearanceiswelcomeeverywhere.Withyouhairneatlycut,yourbeardnicelyshavedandyourfacecleanlywashed,yourfirstimpressioncouldnotbetoobad.Inaddition,equipyourselfwithastarchedshirt,andironedsuitandapairofpolishedshoes;you’reabsolutelyapleasantguyintheeyesofbothmaleandfemaleinterviewers.TalkingTalkingistheprimarychannelwecommunicatewithpeople.Asthesayinggoes,talkingabilityisalsoapowerfulweaponwhenitcomestowinningafavorablefeelingofothers.Chooseyourwordscarefullyatfirst,sinceyou’restillastrangertotheinterviewer.Aftergettingabitfamiliarwithhim,youcanaddasenseofhumorinyourremarkstoeasetheatmosphere.BodylanguageNowadays,theimportanceofbodylanguageisregardedasmorerevealingthanwhatissaid.Aseasonedinterviewerwouldcertainlykeepthisinmindwhiletalkingtoyou.Grippingyourhandstogethermeansyouarenervous.Similarly,escapingtheinterviewer’seyescouldleavehimanimpressionthatyoumaybelackofconfidence.Remember,youhavenothingtolose.Sotakeitasachatbetweenfriendsratherthanaseriousconversationwithyourboss.PersonalityKnowingalltheinterviewtrickswon’tnecessarilyguaranteeasuccess.Ifyoutalkingpointsarenomorethantheoldstories,youreffortsoforganizingthematerialsarestillinvain.Somethingnewisneededinordertostirtheinterview’sinterest.Givehimalittlesurpriseandnobodycaresaboutwhetheryourpointisrightorwrong.Sometimes,itcouldbeaquiterewardingtry.5.Whatisimportantwhengivingapresentation?TopicIfwechooseaboringtopictotalkabout,we’refacinganunsuccessfuloutcome.Aslongasyouknowwhatstufftheaudiencemaybetiredofhearing,nevermentionit.EquipmentneededItcouldn’tbeworseiftheequipmentneededinthepresentationbreaksdown.Presentationtechniquesdependheavilyonequipment.Spendingsomemoneytorenthigh-performanceequipmentiswellworthy.TypeofaudienceAnexcellentpresenterisgoodatmarkingoffdifferenttypesofaudiencefromtheiroccupationsandsocialstatus.Thenhepicksuphismethodaccordinglyinhopesofpositivereactions.EyecontactwithaudienceIt’sgoodmannerstohaveeyecontactwithyouraudience.Ifyoudon’tgivethemaglimpseeveryfewseconds,theywouldn’tpayattentiontoyourpresentationanylonger,foryoudon’tcareabouttheirexistence.AppearanceofpresenterAnimposingappearanceisneededinformaloccasions,especiallyforapresenter,whoisthefocusofeverybody.Casualwearistotallyunacceptableifyoueverwishtoenjoytheaudience’strust.ControlofrhythmUntilyourealizetheimportanceofcontrollingrhythm,you’renotaqualifiedpresenteryet.Don’tyourattleawaytoshowyoureloquence?Pausefromnowandthen,allowingyourargumenttosinkin.6.Whatisimportantwhenselectinganemployee?QualificationCertificatesanddiplomasdonotstandforyourentirequalification.Incompetentmastersanddoctorsgraduatedfromhighlypraiseduniversitiescanbeeverywhere.Wejustcannotdependonthemtomakeaprofitforthecompany.Bycontrast,intervieweeswithpracticalexperiencewouldbringusmorebenefits.ExperienceItcouldn’tbebetterifouremployeesaremadeofpeoplewhocomefromdifferentcities,provinces,countries,andcontinents.Theirdifferentbackgroundscouldverywellserveourpurposeofdiversificationwithinthecompany.ProfessionalexperienceItmightsoundscuriousbutI’dreallyliketogivethejob-hoppersachancetodemonstratetheircapabilities.Thoseso-calledloyalstaffswhosticktooneparticularcompanyaslongaspossibleseemtobeafraidofunfamiliarworkingenvironment.AgeIthasnothingtodowithdiscriminationwhenwetaketheemployee’sageseriously.Aspeoplegrowolder,theytendtoadheretopastpracticesandresistchanges.Sucharigidguyshouldbeexcludedfromourpayinglist.PersonalityEveryonehasauniquepersonality,whichisawelcomephenomenon.Ifagroupofstaffmembersaresimilarintheirpersonalities,alotofinternalconflictscouldbesaved.Butthere’salsoaproblemtoworried.Thisunitmightbecomeastagnantworkingplacewithoutvitalityinthelongrun.CreativityWeattachgreatimportancetoanemployee’screativity.MediocreYes-manwhoisusedtoechotheviewsofothersapparentlybelongstoredundantlaborer.Suchaguywouldbefiredimmediatelywhenthere’sacalltostreamlinethestaff.Assoonaswefindanintervieweehasscarcecreativity,dismisshimpromptly.ⅢPresentationSampleWHATISIMPORTANTWHEN…?SelectingapplicantsforajobWorkingexperiencePersonalqualitiesCommunicativeskillsSampleAsweallknow,thecriteriausedbyHRprofessionalsinscreeningandselectingapplicantsnormallyincludesuchfactorsasworkingexperience,personalqualitiesandcommunicativeskills.Firstly,wepayalotofattentiontoworkingexperienceoftheapplicant.Apersonwithasolidrecordofrelatedexperienceismorelikelytofitinwithanewcompany.Thereforeheorshecanbetrustedtofulfillthetasksandsolvetheproblemsinamoreprofessionalandcompetentway.Inadditiontothis,wealsolookatthepersonalqualitiesoftheapplicant.Doesheorshehasintegrity,perseveranceor‘cando’spirit?Surelyanyorganizationcanbenefitfromthereliability,devotionandenthusiasmofitsemployees.Finally,goodcommunicativeskillssuchasinterpersonalskillsandteamspiritarealsobecominganimportantpreconditioninselectingqualifiedemployees.第六讲ⅠConversation(WarmingupEx.)1.It’salongtimesinceIhadthepleasureofseeingyou..2.Youmustbetiredfromthelongflight.Pleasetakearesttoday..3.Sinceitishottoday,I’msureabeerafterworkwilltastewonderful.4.ThereisnothingIenjoymorethanfootball.5.ImustadmitIdon’ttakeagreatdealofinterestincooking.6.Goingandlookingaroundthesuburbsisamarvelouswaytospendadayoff.7.WhatsortofworkdoyoudoatX?8.It’sreallyverykindofyoutocometoseemeoff.9.I’llbelookingforwardtoournextmeeting.10.Thankyouforyourkindinvitation,butIjustlearnedIhavetogoonabusinesstriptomorrow.ⅡPresentationSample1.Whatisimportantwhensellinganewproduct?DiscountIfatradegivesthecounterpartafavorablediscountinsellinganewproduct,it’llbeeasytoreachanagreement.Andtheirvolumeoftransactioncanbelarger.QualityOfcoursethequalityofaproductisveryimportant.Tosomeextent,it’sadecisivefactor.Inferiorqualitywilldamagethecompany’sname,andcausealossofconsumersintheend.AdvertisingAningeniousadvertisingcampaignwillattracttheeyesoflotsofconsumers,becausethepublicisinevitablyinfluencedbyadvertisementsintheireverydaylives.PackagingIthinkthepackagingofaproductwilldetermineitssellingperformance.Inaneraofeyeballeconomy,high-qualityproductswithpoorpackagingcouldbeleftoutinthecold.CommitmentofAfter-salesServiceIfcommitmentofafter-salesserviceishonored,theconsumersmightbecomerestassured.Asaresult,ourproductwillbeingreatneed.ImageAmbassadorIt’sacommonpracticenowadaysthatcompaniesinvitefashionmodels,filmstarsandpopsingerstoactasimageambassadorsfortheirproducts.Itturnsouttobeaveryeffectivepromotionapproach,especiallytotheyoungsters.2.Whatisimportantwhenchoosingamagazinetobuyregularly?ContentsContentsarethefirstthingtoconsiderunderthiscircumstance.Peoplecertainlylookatwhat’sinamagazinewhentheydecidetobuyitforthefirsttime.Thequalityofamagazinemainlydependsonitscontents.Co...

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